My first summer job (with my grandfather) started at 13.  I have since been a painter, courier and restoration project officer; the most physically demanding work was tree-planting in Ontario and British Columbia.  These jobs allowed me to earn a BA in history and political science from McGill University and an MA in philosophy and economics from Balliol College at Oxford University.  Between these degrees I studied for the first half of 1989 at Laval University in Quebec City.