From July 3, 2013 until November 4, 2015 I had the honour to be Canada’s Minister of Citizenship and Immigration.  We launched Express Entry, a faster, online, merit-based system for economic immigration; reformed the caregiver, investor and temporary foreign worker programmes; completed the resettlement of 23,000 Iraqi refugees and undertook (in January 2015) to re-settle 10,000 Syrian refugees – the first such commitment by any country.  We renewed Canada’s Citizenship Act for the first time in 37 years; and welcomed the largest number of international students and visitors (including tourists) in Canadian history.