Ancien Régime

From 1663 to 1760 New France was governed by a Sovereign or Superior Council of nine to sixteen officials.  At the end of French rule, “the exercise of the Catholic (…) religion (was) maintained”.  The accession of King George III in 1760 made Tories again eligible to hold office.  The Québec Act (1774) restored French civil law and removed religious tests from the oath of allegiance, allowing Catholics to hold office.